Between 500 and 1400 meters altitude, one can find marked area for wine making and the vineyards which represent the oenology of Etna. It is exactly in these that one can find the oldest Controlled Original and Named Sicilian Wines(D.O.C), established in 1968.
Unique climate and ground conditions determine the typicality of the Etna grapes and wine. At the highest altitudes the changes of temperature between night and day allow a phenol and aromatic ripening that is essential for the colour and taste of the red grapes and for the aroma of the white wines. Furthermore, the volcanic ground (“ripiddu”) is very rich in minerals salts which supplies an equilibrated sugar content of the grapes and a proper relation between acids and alcohol.